Here is an article by Jose Miguel Yturralde, an insider into the reality of mining in Latin America. He works in the mining business, is an environmentalist at hear and writes for Revista Vive and contributes for Creatio: here.
Recently the theme has flared up in Ecuador and Peru, as debates rage on about the approval of the biggest goal mine in the world managed by American firm Newmont, who already runs the current largest gold mine in Yanacocha. Mining accounts for 61% of Peru’s exports. The current president, who vowed to protect the interests of local populations is under attack for giving in to large corporate interests. You can read articles here and here. Below, Jose Miguel’s take (in Spanish):